Three of Silicon Valley's most significant early silicon technology innovations, the planar process, the monolithic integrated circuit and the microprocessor were developed by Fairchild and Intel entirely without government funding or support. Early military purchases of some of the resulting components certainly helped develop the economies of scale that made them practical in the commercial market place but had little to do with kick-starting them. If anything government agencies funded large corporations, such as Westinghouse and others, on the East Coast to compete, thankfully unsuccessfully, with these entrepreneurial solutions.

Written by

I photograph and write about Gardens, Nature, Travel, and the history of Silicon Valley from my home on the Monterey Peninsula in California.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store